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Category Archives: Nouvelles


Namibia Trafficking in Persons Action Plan – stakeholder engagement

3- 4 November, Windhoek, Namibia

UNODC, under the Southern Africa Migration Management (SAMM) Project supported the validation of the Government of Namibia Trafficking in Persons National Action Plan (2022-2026). The Action Plan development was spearheaded by the Ministry of Gender Equality, Poverty Eradication and Social Welfare. It is however developed and implemented by a multisectoral team represented by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the  Ministry of Social Services, Prosecutors, Namibia Police (NAMPOL), Civil Society led by the Salvation Army.

The consultative and validation meeting was a 2 day event, on 3 and 4 November in Windhoek, Namibia and it brought together 30 key players from the above institutions as well as from the United Nation Agencies (IOM) and Development Community (US Embassy). This high turnout and very active engagement demonstrated the importance the Government accords issues of Trafficking in Persons.  The National Action Plan is a four year plan that is aimed at sustaining the government efforts implemented in the just concluded first NAP. It now moves from creation of laws to establishment of systems and operationalization of the various aspects in TIP including victim protection.

The first day was spent going through the document, chapter by chapter with the participants providing  significant input. At the end of the day, the Implementation Matrix was overhauled and a new one proposed for development, that was more focused and concise. The UNODC team worked on this in the evening/night and presented a new draft to a smaller committee that met on Wednesday 3 November 2021, which was approved with minimal comments. The Ministry of Gender and UNODC will now work towards finalizing the document, and digital commentary, before a final document is presented to the Minister, late December 2021.

Namibia is rated as a tier 1 country in terms of addressing and combating TIP, which is a laudable achievement and it is hoped that this National Action Plan will significantly contribute to sustaining this momentum and good achievements over the years.



Southern African Migration Management Project hosts Media Training for the SADC and IOC Region.

Participants at the virtual Media Training

The SAMM project hosted a media training course “Promoting a positive image of migrants and recognizing their contribution to development in the SADC region from the 20th to 29th October 2021. The main objective of this course was to improve the capacity of media professionals on reporting fairly and effectively on the key migration thematic areas covered by the SAMM project.

Through this course, the SAMM project raised the media awareness concerning the promotion of a positive image of migrants, asylum seekers, refugees, stateless persons, and IDPs and the identification of their contribution to development in the SADC region. A well-informed media can positively influence policymaking to improve the situation of mixed movement population and their families, as well as reap the benefits of migration, asylum seekers and refugees for the countries at large. The e-learning course “Promoting a positive image of migrants and recognizing their contribution to development in the SADC region was a collaborative initiative of the ILO and its Southern Africa Migration Management (SAMM) partners (the International Organization for Migration, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees)

Worldwide, migrants are still too often victims of racist, discriminatory and xenophobic attacks. The media often promotes a toxic public narrative on migration, and reinforces stigmatisation through the inclusion of xenophobic and discriminatory messages. Indeed, the press often portrays migrants as criminals, illegals and as “stealing jobs from national workers”. Furthermore, migrants are frequently scapegoats during economic recessions. It is essential to change negative perceptions and attitudes through evidence or fact-based journalism and broadcasting that contribute to eliminate public misconceptions. Indeed, a fair and balanced reportage that recognizes migrants’ contribution to the economic growth and development of countries of origin, transit and destination is urgently needed.

35 Journalists, editors, communication officers and media practitioners from different media houses and agencies across the SADC region, attended the training. Robust discussions were held on issues of migration in the region and how to report on the complexities of this topic.

Participants share their perceptions on the common narrative around migrants


Protecting victims of Trafficking in Persons in South Africa “Victims’ Voices Lead the Way”

Pretoria, South Africa – 10 September 2021 – UNODC, under the framework of the Southern Africa Migration Management (SAMM) Project, and in collaboration with the Department of Justice and Constitutional Development, belatedly marked the 2021 World Day against Trafficking in Persons (TIP) on the 10 September 2021, by donating Personal Protective Equipment to various shelters for Victims of Trafficking in Persons and Gender-Based Violence in South Africa, in order to ensure that Victims of Trafficking in Persons and staff in the respective shelters are protected from the COVID-19 pandemic. The 2021 World Day Against TIP, Global theme “Victims’ Voices, Lead the Way” puts victims of human trafficking at the Centre of the campaign and highlights the importance of listening to and learning from survivors of human trafficking.

A majority of shelters for victims of trafficking in persons in South Africa and across the Southern African Development Community (SADC) are not sufficiently equipped to adequately provide protection and support to both victims of trafficking in persons and gender-based violence victims, due to lack of infrastructure and scarcity of resources. This challenge has been compounded by the the COVID-19.  However, civil society organizations have continued to play a key role in ensuring that the shelters remain operational, and their doors stay open.

The handover ceremony was attended by Government representatives led by the Deputy Minister of Justice Hon. John Jeffery and a lead prosecutor on TIP from the National Prosecuting Agency,  representatives of six shelters[i] and representative of the European Union delegation in South Africa led by the Head of Development Cooperation, Mr. Bernard Rey.

Mr. Bernard Rey lauded the work that civil society organizations are undertaking in caring of persons who have been through traumatic experiences. He noted that  it was important that the victims of these heinous crimes of Trafficking in Persons do not lose their voices and thanked the organizations for assisting the victims regain their voices.

“Many practitioners argue we should move away from highlight that these people are not passive and disempowered but are strong and empowered. In the same vein, I want to end by adapting the theme of this year’s World Day Against Human Trafficking and say “Survivors Voices lead the way”

Mr. Bernard Rey

Head of Development Cooperation

EU Delegation to South Africa.

The Honorable Deputy Minister of Justice and Constitutional Affairs, Hon. John Jeffery noted the gravity of Trafficking in persons but also highlighted the work that the Government of South African is undertaking, to curb the crime and specifically, under his docket. Hon. Jaffery’s observed that from the data received and further evidenced from victims rescued, females are most likely to be trafficked. Females contribute to 90% and above of suspected and confirmed victims. He spoke of also compounded challenges, where ` In many sex trafficking cases, the victims have substance abuse disorders, very often as a result of the actions of the trafficker, and thanked civil society for playing a key role in protecting vicitms in South Africa.

Ms. Zhuldyz Akisheva, UNODC Regional Representative, reaffirmed UNODCs support and commitment to working with both government and civil society in addressing Trafficking in Persons and in protecting victims.

The Southern Africa Migration Management (SAMM, 2020-2023) project is a model of a ONE-UN approach collaborative effort between 4 UN development and humanitarian agencies: the ILO, the IOM, UNODC and UNHCR, under the European Union Regional Indicative Programme (11th EDF RIP). The overall objective of the SAMM programme is to improve migration management in the Southern Africa and Indian Ocean region.












[i]  The participants represented persons from the following shelters:  Mercy House, Mali Martin Polokegong Centre, Grace Help Centre, AMCARE Hannan House, Re-Bafenyi Shelter, Carrol Shaw


Why is joining the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness as important today as ever in Southern Africa?

Stateless woman’s desperate battle for citizenship: Stateless mother of four, Mpho hides her tears after describing her daily ordeals in her shack in Brits, North West Province, South Africa. © UNHCR/ Hélène Caux 2020

Stateless woman’s desperate battle for citizenship: Stateless mother of four, Mpho hides her tears after describing her daily ordeals in her shack in Brits, North West Province, South Africa. © UNHCR/ Hélène Caux 2020


Mpho, 33, has lived in South Africa her entire life, yet she is stateless; she has no nationality. When she was found abandoned as a young child, the identity of her parents and her place of birth were unknown. In South Africa, as in most countries in the region, these are key pieces of information to prove one’s ties to a country, and exercise the right to citizenship.  South Africa’s nationality laws do not ensure the right of foundlings to a nationality, leaving them stateless.

Like Mpho, Aisha, 50, has also been stateless her whole life. She is Karana, a minority group which has been present in the country for more than a century and traces its origins to pre-partitioned India, a country that no longer exists.  Madagascar’s laws restrict access to nationality based on ethnicity, and don’t recognize the Karana, leaving Aisha and her parents stateless.

For Mpho and Aisha, statelessness did not end with them: Mpho had three children, Aisha had four, and their children have inherited their status.   Tragically, families endure generations of statelessness despite having deep-rooted and longstanding ties to their communities and countries.

Aisha, Mpho and their families are among thousands of people in Southern Africa who fall through the cracks of nationality legislation that makes no provisions for them.  Gaps in the laws of the countries they were born in, or where their parents hold citizenship are numerous, and often these nationality laws are informed by gender and ethnic discrimination, as well as lack of safeguards against statelessness at birth.

Sixty years ago, the 1961 UN Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness was adopted to offer concrete solutions to put an end to the injustice of statelessness.  As we commemorate its 60th anniversary, it is as relevant today as before and remains an essential piece of human rights law to end statelessness globally.

The 1961 Convention is about preventing statelessness from occurring in the first place, and thereby reducing it over time. It sets out clear commitments by states to grant nationality to children so that they do not become stateless at birth. It also prevents statelessness later in the course of life, for example by strictly framing the conditions where nationality can be withdrawn.

Applied to the situations of these real-life stories, the Convention provides for the right of foundlings to acquire the nationality of the country where they are found, a provision that would have saved Mpho from statelessness.  The 1961 Convention also prescribes against discrimination in the transmission or acquisition of nationality, a safeguard that would have protected Aisha. The convention provides that every child should acquire the nationality of the country where they are born, if they would otherwise be stateless. This safeguard would have guaranteed Aisha’s and Mpho’s children the right to a nationality.

States are the sole authorities responsible for granting nationality, and to that effect their parliaments adopt laws governing the attribution of nationality. Therefore, responsibility for resolving situations of statelessness also rests with states. If their nationality rules are fair and inclusive, statelessness will not occur.

Statelessness is a man-made and cruel injustice, “a form of punishment more primitive than torture” according to late US Supreme Court Judge Warren Earl. Aisha and Mpho, like other stateless people, officially belong nowhere, having no legal identity.  Therefore, they are deprived of countless rights and opportunities that many of us may take for granted.  Statelessness often means a life without education, without medical care or legal employment, or the ability to register the birth of a child; in short, a life without rights. It also means a life of exclusion, without prospects or hope.

We do not know precisely how many people are stateless in the Southern Africa region because data is poor, and most states have not assessed their stateless populations. However, a World Bank report estimates that more than 130-million people are without any identity and nationality documentation in Southern Africa, a telling indicator of the extent to which statelessness is a topical phenomenon in the region.

Ending statelessness is within reach, where governments are willing. If states accede to the Convention and incorporate its safeguards into national laws and practices, the necessary legal safeguards against statelessness will be in place, and over time, will help to end statelessness on their territory.

Ending statelessness is not only about ensuring the rights of stateless people. I believe it is in the self-interest of countries to ensure that everyone living in their country is a citizen, or can acquire a nationality from the country they originated from. Ending statelessness contributes to economic and social development, by allowing the full participation of formerly stateless people in all aspects of society and civic life.  It also strengthens the broader respect for the rule of law in all societies. By acceding to the statelessness conventions, states demonstrate their commitment to human rights and respect for the dignity of all individuals.

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is mandated by the UN General Assembly to address statelessness worldwide. As part of this mandate, we advocate for accession to the statelessness conventions, and advise states on the implementation thereof.  In 2014, we launched the #Ibelong campaign that calls upon states to take concrete actions to end statelessness by 2024, including by acceding to the 1961 Convention. In that regard, there have been positive developments in Southern Africa.

Today only four states out of 16 in the region have acceded to the 1961 Convention: Angola, Eswatini, Lesotho and Mozambique. But many states have committed to acceding to the convention: Comoros, Madagascar, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, the Democratic Republic of Congo, The Republic of Congo, Zambia and Zimbabwe. In the meantime, a few countries, in particular Madagascar, have started reforming their nationality laws with a view to removing discrimination and including safeguards against statelessness.

Statelessness is inhuman and I believe it is time to end this injustice. It is time for States to accede to and implement the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness. It is time for Aisha, Mpho and thousands of other stateless people to finally be able to say “I belong”.


— Valentin Tapsoba is UNHCR Director for Southern Africa


IOM Convenes a Regional Capacity Building Training On Migration Data Management under SAMM Project

Pretoria, 30 August 2021 – The International Organization for Migration (IOM), with funding from the Southern African Migration Management (SAMM) project, funded by the European Union, convenes Government officials from the 16 countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), for a capacity building workshop on migration data management in Southern Africa.

The overall objective of this Regional Training Workshop is to contribute to enhancing the capacities of statistical officials and relevant stakeholders with migration-related functions and responsibilities to improve migration data management systems in accordance with international and regional instruments within the broader context of the Objective 1 of the GCM and SDGs and the specific context of the Southern Africa Migration Management (SAMM) project. The EU-funded SAMM project recognizes the need to strengthen regional and national capacities for data collection, production of reliable migration statistics, and coordinated information-sharing mechanisms in order to improve the availability of and harmonization of migration data in the region.

Despite the high volume of population mobility and migrant stocks in the Southern African region, data on international migration is often unavailable, or fragmented and non-comparable between countries. This hampers the capacity of relevant stakeholders to design and develop evidence-based migration policies which affects the accuracy of national and regional reports on policy and development progress.

The need for timely and reliable data to inform migration policies and programming within SADC was underscored by the recommendations from the 2017 and 2019 Ministerial meetings held in the margins of the Migration Dialogue for Southern Africa (MIDSA) held in Eswatini and Namibia respectively, which among others, encouraged the member states with the support of IOM in coordination with relevant partners to build capacities to collect and analyse migration-related data to develop policies based on evidence and data to improve migration governance at the national and regional level.

Similarly, efforts to prioritize the improvement of migration data are corroborated at the global level by the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM), which states the need to “Collect and utilize accurate and disaggregated data as a basis for evidence-based policies” as its first objective.

The outcome of the training is to Increase awareness of the importance of international migration data policies and share good practices; strengthen the capacity of key staff of the national institutions managing migration on the comprehension of migration data collection and analysis; enhance the understanding of the uses and limitations of migration data for policy purposes;  assess the outcomes of the regional exercise to tabulate migration-related data collected from national censuses; and Facilitate coordination across NSOs in the region in finding a better working relation to ensure comparability of data, uniformity of methodology and indicators for a robust, reliable and valid regional level assessment of migration data and statistics to inform policy.

The SAMM Project supports the Regional Economic Commissions (RECs) in the Southern Africa and Indian Ocean Region and the Member States to improve the management of migration. In the area of data collection and management, the Project seeks to strengthen the technical and financial capacity of the National Statistical Officials and other relevant stakeholders to capture, store and manage harmonized cross-border data on mixed migration flows, support the development of a mechanism and standardized procedures to collect and process migration-relevant data as well as the analysis and dissemination of such data.




PRETORIA, le 8 juillet 2021 – Depuis le début de la pandémie de COVID-19 en Afrique australe en mars 2020, les tendances de migration irrégulière vers l’Afrique du Sud se sont accentuées, en raison des divers effets socio-économiques de la pandémie sur de nombreux ménages.

L’Organisation internationale pour les migrations, grâce au soutien de divers partenaires tels que le projet de gestion des migrations en Afrique australe (SAMM) financé par l’Union européenne, le gouvernement irlandais, les Affaires étrangères du Royaume-Uni et le Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO), a aidé 397 migrants malawites bloqués. de rentrer du Zimbabwe.

Entre mars et juillet 2021, l’OIM a aidé 273 migrants malawiens avec une aide au retour volontaire dans leur pays d’origine, en groupes incrémentés, dont beaucoup étaient bloqués au point d’entrée frontalier de Beitbridge, alors qu’ils tentaient d’atteindre l’Afrique du Sud. « Le nombre croissant de migrants malawiens bloqués au Zimbabwe en route vers l’Afrique du Sud illustre la dynamique actuelle de la mobilité humaine dans le contexte de la pandémie et une approche durable doit être mise en place pour traiter les modèles de mobilité et les problèmes de protection associés » dit Mario Lito Malanca, chef de mission, OIM Zimbabwe.

« La vie devenait difficile financièrement au Malawi en raison du manque de revenus, alors je voulais suivre mon mari qui est déjà en Afrique du Sud, mais j’ai été arrêtée par la police au Zimbabwe et je suis restée sous leur garde pendant trois mois, avant que l’OIM ne m’aide. revenez au Malawi », a déclaré Asiyatu Jafali, 25 ans, du village de Mwanyama, qui est l’une des femmes des groupes récemment assistés.

L’OIM Zimbabwe fournit aux rapatriés en attente de voyage une gamme de services comprenant des évaluations de santé avant le voyage, des équipements de protection individuelle (EPI), des tests COVID-19, des indemnités de repas, des colis essentiels pour bébés où se trouvent des nourrissons, des vêtements hygiéniques et le transport. À leur arrivée au Malawi, l’OIM Malawi fournit aux rapatriés un soutien psychosocial par le biais de conseils ; transport vers leurs destinations finales, EPI et dans certains cas, des évaluations de la vulnérabilité sont effectuées en fonction de la disponibilité des fonds pour l’aide à la réintégration.

“J’ai essayé de quitter mon village de Kadzati au Malawi, pour aller en Afrique du Sud pour trouver un travail et mieux subvenir aux besoins de ma famille, mais comme je n’avais pas de papiers en règle, j’ai été arrêté au Zimbabwe et retenu pendant 60 jours”, raconte 27 ans. -le vieux Mofati, l’un des hommes assisté du même dernier groupe de rapatriés. « Maintenant que l’OIM m’a aidé à rentrer chez moi, je préfère rester et envisager d’ouvrir ma propre entreprise de vente de bétail », a-t-il poursuivi.

« La pandémie de COVID-19 a indéniablement affecté les moyens de subsistance de nombreuses personnes à travers le monde, conduisant un nombre croissant de personnes à choisir de migrer à la recherche de meilleures opportunités, et l’Afrique australe ne fait pas exception », a déclaré Charles Kwenin, directeur régional de l’OIM pour le Sud. Afrique. « L’OIM reste déterminée à aider les gouvernements à atténuer

les nombreux fardeaux auxquels sont confrontés les migrants vulnérables, à travers divers services humanitaires, y compris les retours volontaires assistés, grâce au soutien de nos donateurs ».

Pour plus d’informations, veuillez contacter Ababo Ngandu, responsable régional de la communication de l’OIM , Fadzai Nyamande-Pangeti, responsable de la communication de l’OIM au Zimbabwe , et Jacqueline Mpeni, chargée de communication de l’OIM au Malawi

Communauté de développement de l’Afrique australe :: La SADC adopte un nouveau plan d’action sur la migration de la main-d’œuvre pour promouvoir le transfert de compétences et faire correspondre l’offre et la demande de main-d’œuvre pour l’intégration régionale

11 janvier 2021

La SADC adopte un nouveau plan d’action sur la migration de la main-d’œuvre pour promouvoir le transfert de compétences et faire correspondre l’offre et la demande de main-d’œuvre pour l’intégration régionale

La Communauté de développement de l’Afrique australe (SADC) a adopté un nouveau plan d’action pour la migration de la main-d’œuvre (2020-2025) dans le cadre des efforts visant à promouvoir le transfert de compétences et à faire correspondre l’offre et la demande de main-d’œuvre pour le développement et l’intégration régionaux.

Le plan d’action, adopté par le secteur de l’emploi et du travail dans la région, est conforme à l’article 19 du Protocole de la SADC sur l’emploi et le travail, qui vise à protéger et à sauvegarder les droits et le bien-être des travailleurs migrants, afin de leur donner de meilleures possibilités de contribuer aux pays d’origine et de destination.

Dans son rapport au 40ème Sommet de la SADC organisé par le Mozambique en format virtuel en août dernier, la Secrétaire exécutive de la SADC, Son Excellence Dr Stergomena Lawrence Tax, a déclaré que le Plan d’action fait partie intégrante des mesures visant à l’élimination progressive des obstacles à la libre circulation des capital et travail, biens et services, et des habitants de la région en général, conformément à l’article 5 du Traité de la SADC.

Comme le montrent les estimations de 2017 de l’Union africaine, la SADC abrite 37,5% des 14,2 millions de travailleurs migrants internationaux en Afrique, soit un total estimé à 5,4 millions. Dans le même temps, la région de l’Afrique australe abrite le plus grand stock de travailleurs migrants internationaux (jusqu’à 4,2 millions), devant l’Afrique de l’Est et l’Afrique de l’Ouest, la migration intra-SADC représentant environ 45%.

Dans ce contexte, il est envisagé que la mise en œuvre de l’instrument politique adopté, par le biais d’une approche multisectorielle, contribuera à la protection des droits des travailleurs migrants et leur donnera la possibilité d’avoir un plus grand impact sur le développement des pays d’origine et de destination. .

Le secteur de l’emploi et du travail a également adopté les lignes directrices de la SADC sur la transférabilité des prestations de sécurité sociale afin de garantir que les travailleurs se déplaçant dans la région de la SADC conservent leurs droits et prestations de sécurité sociale acquis sous la juridiction de différents États membres, y compris les prestations de retraite et les prestations pour accidents du travail et maladies professionnelles.

Dans son rapport au 40e Sommet de la SADC, SE Dr Tax a également déclaré que dans le cadre de la mise en œuvre du Cadre stratégique de promotion de l’emploi des jeunes de la SADC 2016, le Secrétariat de la SADC et l’Organisation internationale du Travail ont mené conjointement une étude sur les marchés du travail des jeunes dans la région.

L’étude a montré que la SADC a une main-d’œuvre très jeune en comparaison internationale, et qu’elle continuera de le rester, pour les décennies à venir. En outre, l’étude a montré que le taux de chômage moyen des jeunes (15-24 ans) en 2017 était d’environ 12%, supérieur à la moyenne de 7% pour les personnes âgées, révélant ainsi que les jeunes sont plus susceptibles d’être sans emploi par rapport à leurs homologues plus âgés en grande partie en raison du manque d’expérience de travail.

Malgré les taux de chômage globaux relativement faibles pour certains États membres, il existe une forte prévalence de l’informalité dans l’emploi dans la SADC, qui est généralement associée au manque de protection juridique et sociale ainsi qu’à des salaires inférieurs par rapport à l’emploi formel.

À ces préoccupations s’ajoute la forte proportion de jeunes sans emploi, sans éducation ou sans formation (NEET), dépassant 25 pour cent dans plusieurs pays de la SADC et encore plus pour les femmes. Les NEET représentent une catégorie particulière de jeunes dont le potentiel d’intégration sur les marchés du travail est particulièrement faible, car ils n’acquièrent pas simultanément d’expérience ou de nouvelles compétences.

Le Dr Tax a déclaré que si les États membres mettent en œuvre un certain nombre d’initiatives pour les jeunes, celles-ci n’arrivent pas toujours à une échelle significative pour absorber la majorité des jeunes au chômage. En combinaison avec les initiatives axées sur les jeunes, les États membres devraient donc renforcer l’intégration des politiques favorables à l’emploi dans les politiques de développement et de croissance sectorielle, en mettant davantage l’accent sur les interventions du côté de la demande.

Dans le prolongement de l’analyse des marchés du travail des jeunes de la SADC, le Secrétariat de la SADC facilite le développement d’interventions visant à promouvoir la participation active et productive des jeunes aux processus de développement social, économique et politique dans la région. Le Secrétariat travaille également avec l’OIT sur un projet d’emploi des jeunes pour augmenter la proportion de jeunes hommes et femmes ayant un emploi décent dans la région de la SADC.

Communauté de développement de l’Afrique australe :: La SADC adopte un nouveau plan d’action sur la migration de la main-d’œuvre pour promouvoir le transfert de compétences et faire correspondre l’offre et la demande de main-d’œuvre pour l’intégration régionale