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Category Archives: Notícias


Namibia Trafficking in Persons Action Plan – stakeholder engagement

3- 4 November, Windhoek, Namibia

UNODC, under the Southern Africa Migration Management (SAMM) Project supported the validation of the Government of Namibia Trafficking in Persons National Action Plan (2022-2026). The Action Plan development was spearheaded by the Ministry of Gender Equality, Poverty Eradication and Social Welfare. It is however developed and implemented by a multisectoral team represented by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the  Ministry of Social Services, Prosecutors, Namibia Police (NAMPOL), Civil Society led by the Salvation Army.

The consultative and validation meeting was a 2 day event, on 3 and 4 November in Windhoek, Namibia and it brought together 30 key players from the above institutions as well as from the United Nation Agencies (IOM) and Development Community (US Embassy). This high turnout and very active engagement demonstrated the importance the Government accords issues of Trafficking in Persons.  The National Action Plan is a four year plan that is aimed at sustaining the government efforts implemented in the just concluded first NAP. It now moves from creation of laws to establishment of systems and operationalization of the various aspects in TIP including victim protection.

The first day was spent going through the document, chapter by chapter with the participants providing  significant input. At the end of the day, the Implementation Matrix was overhauled and a new one proposed for development, that was more focused and concise. The UNODC team worked on this in the evening/night and presented a new draft to a smaller committee that met on Wednesday 3 November 2021, which was approved with minimal comments. The Ministry of Gender and UNODC will now work towards finalizing the document, and digital commentary, before a final document is presented to the Minister, late December 2021.

Namibia is rated as a tier 1 country in terms of addressing and combating TIP, which is a laudable achievement and it is hoped that this National Action Plan will significantly contribute to sustaining this momentum and good achievements over the years.



Southern African Migration Management Project hosts Media Training for the SADC and IOC Region.

Participants at the virtual Media Training

The SAMM project hosted a media training course “Promoting a positive image of migrants and recognizing their contribution to development in the SADC region from the 20th to 29th October 2021. The main objective of this course was to improve the capacity of media professionals on reporting fairly and effectively on the key migration thematic areas covered by the SAMM project.

Through this course, the SAMM project raised the media awareness concerning the promotion of a positive image of migrants, asylum seekers, refugees, stateless persons, and IDPs and the identification of their contribution to development in the SADC region. A well-informed media can positively influence policymaking to improve the situation of mixed movement population and their families, as well as reap the benefits of migration, asylum seekers and refugees for the countries at large. The e-learning course “Promoting a positive image of migrants and recognizing their contribution to development in the SADC region was a collaborative initiative of the ILO and its Southern Africa Migration Management (SAMM) partners (the International Organization for Migration, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees)

Worldwide, migrants are still too often victims of racist, discriminatory and xenophobic attacks. The media often promotes a toxic public narrative on migration, and reinforces stigmatisation through the inclusion of xenophobic and discriminatory messages. Indeed, the press often portrays migrants as criminals, illegals and as “stealing jobs from national workers”. Furthermore, migrants are frequently scapegoats during economic recessions. It is essential to change negative perceptions and attitudes through evidence or fact-based journalism and broadcasting that contribute to eliminate public misconceptions. Indeed, a fair and balanced reportage that recognizes migrants’ contribution to the economic growth and development of countries of origin, transit and destination is urgently needed.

35 Journalists, editors, communication officers and media practitioners from different media houses and agencies across the SADC region, attended the training. Robust discussions were held on issues of migration in the region and how to report on the complexities of this topic.

Participants share their perceptions on the common narrative around migrants


Protecting victims of Trafficking in Persons in South Africa “Victims’ Voices Lead the Way”

Pretoria, South Africa – 10 September 2021 – UNODC, under the framework of the Southern Africa Migration Management (SAMM) Project, and in collaboration with the Department of Justice and Constitutional Development, belatedly marked the 2021 World Day against Trafficking in Persons (TIP) on the 10 September 2021, by donating Personal Protective Equipment to various shelters for Victims of Trafficking in Persons and Gender-Based Violence in South Africa, in order to ensure that Victims of Trafficking in Persons and staff in the respective shelters are protected from the COVID-19 pandemic. The 2021 World Day Against TIP, Global theme “Victims’ Voices, Lead the Way” puts victims of human trafficking at the Centre of the campaign and highlights the importance of listening to and learning from survivors of human trafficking.

A majority of shelters for victims of trafficking in persons in South Africa and across the Southern African Development Community (SADC) are not sufficiently equipped to adequately provide protection and support to both victims of trafficking in persons and gender-based violence victims, due to lack of infrastructure and scarcity of resources. This challenge has been compounded by the the COVID-19.  However, civil society organizations have continued to play a key role in ensuring that the shelters remain operational, and their doors stay open.

The handover ceremony was attended by Government representatives led by the Deputy Minister of Justice Hon. John Jeffery and a lead prosecutor on TIP from the National Prosecuting Agency,  representatives of six shelters[i] and representative of the European Union delegation in South Africa led by the Head of Development Cooperation, Mr. Bernard Rey.

Mr. Bernard Rey lauded the work that civil society organizations are undertaking in caring of persons who have been through traumatic experiences. He noted that  it was important that the victims of these heinous crimes of Trafficking in Persons do not lose their voices and thanked the organizations for assisting the victims regain their voices.

“Many practitioners argue we should move away from highlight that these people are not passive and disempowered but are strong and empowered. In the same vein, I want to end by adapting the theme of this year’s World Day Against Human Trafficking and say “Survivors Voices lead the way”

Mr. Bernard Rey

Head of Development Cooperation

EU Delegation to South Africa.

The Honorable Deputy Minister of Justice and Constitutional Affairs, Hon. John Jeffery noted the gravity of Trafficking in persons but also highlighted the work that the Government of South African is undertaking, to curb the crime and specifically, under his docket. Hon. Jaffery’s observed that from the data received and further evidenced from victims rescued, females are most likely to be trafficked. Females contribute to 90% and above of suspected and confirmed victims. He spoke of also compounded challenges, where ` In many sex trafficking cases, the victims have substance abuse disorders, very often as a result of the actions of the trafficker, and thanked civil society for playing a key role in protecting vicitms in South Africa.

Ms. Zhuldyz Akisheva, UNODC Regional Representative, reaffirmed UNODCs support and commitment to working with both government and civil society in addressing Trafficking in Persons and in protecting victims.

The Southern Africa Migration Management (SAMM, 2020-2023) project is a model of a ONE-UN approach collaborative effort between 4 UN development and humanitarian agencies: the ILO, the IOM, UNODC and UNHCR, under the European Union Regional Indicative Programme (11th EDF RIP). The overall objective of the SAMM programme is to improve migration management in the Southern Africa and Indian Ocean region.












[i]  The participants represented persons from the following shelters:  Mercy House, Mali Martin Polokegong Centre, Grace Help Centre, AMCARE Hannan House, Re-Bafenyi Shelter, Carrol Shaw


Why is joining the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness as important today as ever in Southern Africa?

Stateless woman’s desperate battle for citizenship: Stateless mother of four, Mpho hides her tears after describing her daily ordeals in her shack in Brits, North West Province, South Africa. © UNHCR/ Hélène Caux 2020

Stateless woman’s desperate battle for citizenship: Stateless mother of four, Mpho hides her tears after describing her daily ordeals in her shack in Brits, North West Province, South Africa. © UNHCR/ Hélène Caux 2020


Mpho, 33, has lived in South Africa her entire life, yet she is stateless; she has no nationality. When she was found abandoned as a young child, the identity of her parents and her place of birth were unknown. In South Africa, as in most countries in the region, these are key pieces of information to prove one’s ties to a country, and exercise the right to citizenship.  South Africa’s nationality laws do not ensure the right of foundlings to a nationality, leaving them stateless.

Like Mpho, Aisha, 50, has also been stateless her whole life. She is Karana, a minority group which has been present in the country for more than a century and traces its origins to pre-partitioned India, a country that no longer exists.  Madagascar’s laws restrict access to nationality based on ethnicity, and don’t recognize the Karana, leaving Aisha and her parents stateless.

For Mpho and Aisha, statelessness did not end with them: Mpho had three children, Aisha had four, and their children have inherited their status.   Tragically, families endure generations of statelessness despite having deep-rooted and longstanding ties to their communities and countries.

Aisha, Mpho and their families are among thousands of people in Southern Africa who fall through the cracks of nationality legislation that makes no provisions for them.  Gaps in the laws of the countries they were born in, or where their parents hold citizenship are numerous, and often these nationality laws are informed by gender and ethnic discrimination, as well as lack of safeguards against statelessness at birth.

Sixty years ago, the 1961 UN Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness was adopted to offer concrete solutions to put an end to the injustice of statelessness.  As we commemorate its 60th anniversary, it is as relevant today as before and remains an essential piece of human rights law to end statelessness globally.

The 1961 Convention is about preventing statelessness from occurring in the first place, and thereby reducing it over time. It sets out clear commitments by states to grant nationality to children so that they do not become stateless at birth. It also prevents statelessness later in the course of life, for example by strictly framing the conditions where nationality can be withdrawn.

Applied to the situations of these real-life stories, the Convention provides for the right of foundlings to acquire the nationality of the country where they are found, a provision that would have saved Mpho from statelessness.  The 1961 Convention also prescribes against discrimination in the transmission or acquisition of nationality, a safeguard that would have protected Aisha. The convention provides that every child should acquire the nationality of the country where they are born, if they would otherwise be stateless. This safeguard would have guaranteed Aisha’s and Mpho’s children the right to a nationality.

States are the sole authorities responsible for granting nationality, and to that effect their parliaments adopt laws governing the attribution of nationality. Therefore, responsibility for resolving situations of statelessness also rests with states. If their nationality rules are fair and inclusive, statelessness will not occur.

Statelessness is a man-made and cruel injustice, “a form of punishment more primitive than torture” according to late US Supreme Court Judge Warren Earl. Aisha and Mpho, like other stateless people, officially belong nowhere, having no legal identity.  Therefore, they are deprived of countless rights and opportunities that many of us may take for granted.  Statelessness often means a life without education, without medical care or legal employment, or the ability to register the birth of a child; in short, a life without rights. It also means a life of exclusion, without prospects or hope.

We do not know precisely how many people are stateless in the Southern Africa region because data is poor, and most states have not assessed their stateless populations. However, a World Bank report estimates that more than 130-million people are without any identity and nationality documentation in Southern Africa, a telling indicator of the extent to which statelessness is a topical phenomenon in the region.

Ending statelessness is within reach, where governments are willing. If states accede to the Convention and incorporate its safeguards into national laws and practices, the necessary legal safeguards against statelessness will be in place, and over time, will help to end statelessness on their territory.

Ending statelessness is not only about ensuring the rights of stateless people. I believe it is in the self-interest of countries to ensure that everyone living in their country is a citizen, or can acquire a nationality from the country they originated from. Ending statelessness contributes to economic and social development, by allowing the full participation of formerly stateless people in all aspects of society and civic life.  It also strengthens the broader respect for the rule of law in all societies. By acceding to the statelessness conventions, states demonstrate their commitment to human rights and respect for the dignity of all individuals.

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is mandated by the UN General Assembly to address statelessness worldwide. As part of this mandate, we advocate for accession to the statelessness conventions, and advise states on the implementation thereof.  In 2014, we launched the #Ibelong campaign that calls upon states to take concrete actions to end statelessness by 2024, including by acceding to the 1961 Convention. In that regard, there have been positive developments in Southern Africa.

Today only four states out of 16 in the region have acceded to the 1961 Convention: Angola, Eswatini, Lesotho and Mozambique. But many states have committed to acceding to the convention: Comoros, Madagascar, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, the Democratic Republic of Congo, The Republic of Congo, Zambia and Zimbabwe. In the meantime, a few countries, in particular Madagascar, have started reforming their nationality laws with a view to removing discrimination and including safeguards against statelessness.

Statelessness is inhuman and I believe it is time to end this injustice. It is time for States to accede to and implement the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness. It is time for Aisha, Mpho and thousands of other stateless people to finally be able to say “I belong”.


— Valentin Tapsoba is UNHCR Director for Southern Africa


IOM Convenes a Regional Capacity Building Training On Migration Data Management under SAMM Project

Pretoria, 30 August 2021 – The International Organization for Migration (IOM), with funding from the Southern African Migration Management (SAMM) project, funded by the European Union, convenes Government officials from the 16 countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), for a capacity building workshop on migration data management in Southern Africa.

The overall objective of this Regional Training Workshop is to contribute to enhancing the capacities of statistical officials and relevant stakeholders with migration-related functions and responsibilities to improve migration data management systems in accordance with international and regional instruments within the broader context of the Objective 1 of the GCM and SDGs and the specific context of the Southern Africa Migration Management (SAMM) project. The EU-funded SAMM project recognizes the need to strengthen regional and national capacities for data collection, production of reliable migration statistics, and coordinated information-sharing mechanisms in order to improve the availability of and harmonization of migration data in the region.

Despite the high volume of population mobility and migrant stocks in the Southern African region, data on international migration is often unavailable, or fragmented and non-comparable between countries. This hampers the capacity of relevant stakeholders to design and develop evidence-based migration policies which affects the accuracy of national and regional reports on policy and development progress.

The need for timely and reliable data to inform migration policies and programming within SADC was underscored by the recommendations from the 2017 and 2019 Ministerial meetings held in the margins of the Migration Dialogue for Southern Africa (MIDSA) held in Eswatini and Namibia respectively, which among others, encouraged the member states with the support of IOM in coordination with relevant partners to build capacities to collect and analyse migration-related data to develop policies based on evidence and data to improve migration governance at the national and regional level.

Similarly, efforts to prioritize the improvement of migration data are corroborated at the global level by the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM), which states the need to “Collect and utilize accurate and disaggregated data as a basis for evidence-based policies” as its first objective.

The outcome of the training is to Increase awareness of the importance of international migration data policies and share good practices; strengthen the capacity of key staff of the national institutions managing migration on the comprehension of migration data collection and analysis; enhance the understanding of the uses and limitations of migration data for policy purposes;  assess the outcomes of the regional exercise to tabulate migration-related data collected from national censuses; and Facilitate coordination across NSOs in the region in finding a better working relation to ensure comparability of data, uniformity of methodology and indicators for a robust, reliable and valid regional level assessment of migration data and statistics to inform policy.

The SAMM Project supports the Regional Economic Commissions (RECs) in the Southern Africa and Indian Ocean Region and the Member States to improve the management of migration. In the area of data collection and management, the Project seeks to strengthen the technical and financial capacity of the National Statistical Officials and other relevant stakeholders to capture, store and manage harmonized cross-border data on mixed migration flows, support the development of a mechanism and standardized procedures to collect and process migration-relevant data as well as the analysis and dissemination of such data.




PRETÓRIA, 8 de julho de 2021 – Desde o início da pandemia COVID-19 na África Austral, em março de 2020, as tendências de migração irregular para a África do Sul aumentaram, devido aos vários efeitos socioeconómicos da pandemia em muitas famílias.

A Organização Internacional para as Migrações, através do apoio de vários parceiros, como o projeto de Gestão das Migrações da África Austral (SAMM), financiado pela União Europeia, o Governo irlandês, o Ministério dos Negócios Estrangeiros do Reino Unido e o Gabinete de Desenvolvimento e Commonwealth (FCDO), ajudou 397 migrantes malaios retidos a regressar a casa do Zimbabué.

Entre março e julho de 2021, a OIM ajudou 273 migrantes malaios com assistência voluntária de regresso ao seu país de origem, em grupos incrementados, muitos dos quais retidos no ponto de entrada fronteiriço de Beitbridge, enquanto tentavam chegar à África do Sul. “O número crescente de migrantes malaios retidos no Zimbabué a caminho da África do Sul retrata a dinâmica atual da mobilidade humana no contexto da pandemia e é necessário implementar uma abordagem sustentável para fazer face aos padrões de mobilidade e às questões de proteção associadas”, diz Mario Lito Malanca, Chefe de Missão da OIM do Zimbabué.

“A vida estava a tornar-se um desafio financeiro no Malawi por falta de rendimentos, por isso queria seguir o meu marido que já está na África do Sul, mas fui parado pela polícia no Zimbabué e fiquei sob a sua custódia durante três meses, antes da OIM me ajudar a voltar ao Maláui”, disse Asiyatu Jafali, de 25 anos, da aldeia de Mwanyama. que é uma das mulheres dos recentes grupos assistidos.

A OIM Zimbabwe fornece aos retornos que aguardam viagens com uma série de serviços que incluem avaliações de saúde pré-viagem, Equipamentos de Proteção Individual (EPI), testes COVID-19, subsídios de refeição, pacotes essenciais para bebés onde há bebés, desgaste sanitário e transporte. À chegada ao Malawi, a OIM Malawi fornece apoio psicossocial aos retornos através de aconselhamento; O transporte para os seus destinos finais, EPI e, em alguns casos, avaliações de vulnerabilidade são efetuadas em função da disponibilidade de fundos para a assistência à reintegração.

“Tentei deixar a minha aldeia de Kadzati, no Malawi, para ir à África do Sul procurar um emprego e apoiar melhor a minha família, mas como não tinha documentos adequados, fui parado no Zimbabué e mantido durante 60 dias”, disse Mofati, de 27 anos, um dos homens assistidos pelo mesmo último grupo de retornados. “Agora que a OIM me ajudou a regressar a casa, preferia ficar e procurar abrir o meu próprio negócio de venda de gado”, continuou.

“A pandemia COVID-19 afetou incontestavelmente o sustento de muitas pessoas em todo o mundo, levando a um número crescente de pessoas que optam por migrar em busca de melhores oportunidades, e a África Austral não é exceção”, disse Charles Kwenin, Diretor Regional da OIM para a África Austral. “A OIM continua empenhada em ajudar os Governos a aliviar

os muitos encargos enfrentados pelos migrantes vulneráveis, através de vários serviços humanitários, incluindo o regresso voluntário assistido, graças ao apoio dos nossos doadores”.

Para mais informações, contacte Abibo Ngandu, Oficial regional de Comunicação da OIM

, Fadzai Nyamande-Pangeti, Oficial de Comunicação da OIM zimbabwe

, eJacqueline Mpeni, Oficial de Comunicação da OIM Malawi

Comunidade de Desenvolvimento da África Austral :: SADC aprova novo Plano de Ação para a Migração do Trabalho para promover transferência de competências e igualar oferta de trabalho e procura de integração regional

11 jan, 2021

SADC aprova novo Plano de Ação para as Migrações no Trabalho para promover transferência de competências e igualar oferta de trabalho e procura de integração regional

A Comunidade de Desenvolvimento da África Austral (SADC) aprovou um novo Plano de Ação para as Migrações no Trabalho (2020-2025) como parte dos esforços para promover a transferência de competências e igualar a oferta de trabalho e a procura de desenvolvimento e integração regional.

O Plano de Ação, adotado através do Sector do Emprego e do Trabalho na Região, está em conformidade com o artigo 19.º do Protocolo da SADC sobre emprego e trabalho, que visa proteger e salvaguardar os direitos e o bem-estar dos trabalhadores migrantes, a fim de lhes dar melhores oportunidades de contribuir para os países de origem e de destino.

No seu relatório à 40.ª Cimeira da SADC, organizada por Moçambique em formato virtual, no passado mês de agosto, a Secretária Executiva da SADC, Dr. Stergomena Lawrence Tax, afirmou que o Plano de Ação é parte integrante de medidas destinadas a eliminar progressivamente os obstáculos à livre circulação de capitais e de trabalho, bens e serviços, e do povo da Região em geral, em conformidade com o artigo 5.o do Tratado SADC.

Como mostram as estimativas de 2017 da União Africana, a SADC acolhe 37,5% dos 14,2 milhões de trabalhadores migrantes internacionais de África, num total estimado de 5,4 milhões. Ao mesmo tempo, a região da África Austral abriga o maior stock de trabalhadores migrantes internacionais de até 4,2 milhões, à frente da África Oriental e África Ocidental, com a migração intra-SADC a representar cerca de 45%.

Tendo em conta este pano de fundo, prevê-se que a aplicação do instrumento político adotado, através de uma abordagem multissetorial, contribua para a proteção dos direitos dos migrantes no trabalho e lhes dê uma oportunidade de ter um maior impacto no desenvolvimento tanto nos países de origem como no destino.

O Sector do Emprego e do Trabalho adotou igualmente as Orientações da SADC relativas à portabilidade das prestações sociais, a fim de garantir que os trabalhadores que se deslocam na região da SADC mantenham os direitos e benefícios adquiridos sob a jurisdição de diferentes Estados-Membros, incluindo as prestações de pensões e os benefícios do prejuízo e doenças profissionais.

No seu relatório à 40.ª Cimeira da SADC, a H.E. Dr Tax refere ainda que, no âmbito da implementação do Quadro de Política de Promoção do Emprego jovem da SADC de 2016, o Secretariado da SADC e a Organização Internacional do Trabalho realizaram conjuntamente um estudo sobre os mercados de trabalho da juventude na região.

O estudo mostrou que a SADC tem uma mão-de-obra muito jovem em comparação internacional, e que continuará a sê-lo, nas próximas décadas. Além disso, o estudo mostrou que a taxa média de desemprego jovem (15-24 anos) em 2017 foi de aproximadamente 12%, superior à média de 7% para os idosos, revelando assim que os jovens têm mais probabilidades de ficar sem emprego em comparação com os seus congéneres mais velhos, em grande parte devido à falta de experiência profissional.

Apesar das taxas de desemprego globais relativamente baixas para alguns Estados-Membros, existe uma elevada prevalência de informalidade no emprego na SADC, que está tipicamente associada à falta de proteção jurídica e social, bem como a salários mais baixos quando comparados com o emprego formal.

A somar a estas preocupações está a elevada proporção de jovens que não estão no emprego, na educação ou na formação (NEET), mais de 25 por cento em vários países da SADC e ainda mais elevado para as mulheres. Os NEETs representam uma categoria especial de jovens cujo potencial de integração nos mercados de trabalho é particularmente baixo, uma vez que, simultaneamente, não estão a ganhar experiência ou novas competências.

O Dr. Tax disse que, embora os Estados-Membros estejam a implementar uma série de iniciativas juvenis, estas nem sempre são significativas para absorver a maioria dos jovens desempregados. Em conjugação com as iniciativas centradas na juventude, os Estados-Membros devem, por conseguinte, reforçar a integração das políticas pró-emprego nas políticas de desenvolvimento e de crescimento sectorial, com maior ênfase nas intervenções do lado da procura.

No seguimento da análise dos mercados de trabalho para jovens da SADC, o Secretariado da SADC está a facilitar o desenvolvimento de intervenções para promover a participação ativa e produtiva por parte dos jovens nos processos de desenvolvimento social, económico e político da região. O Secretariado está também a trabalhar com a OIT no sentido de um projeto de emprego para jovens, além de aumentar a proporção de jovens com emprego satisfatório em toda a região da SADC.

Comunidade de Desenvolvimento da África Austral :: SADC aprova novo Plano de Ação para a Migração do Trabalho para promover transferência de competências e igualar oferta de trabalho e procura de integração regional