As of the end of 2020, there was an estimated number of 55 million people worldwide who are uprooted in their own countries by violence, natural disaster, and persecution, over half are in Africa according to according to Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC). Some 5 million of these internally displaced persons (IDPs) are found in countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). DRC Congo has the largest number of IDPs in the region (more than 5 million), followed by Mozambique (849,297) as of July 2021.
- To support the ratification, accession, and domestication of international and regional IDP instruments: continue to advocate for the ratification, accession, and domestication of the Kampala Convention (formally, the African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa) which is a treaty of the African Union (AU) that addresses internal displacement caused by armed conflict, natural disasters and large-scale development projects in Africa.
- To support the Governments, when feasible, to develop an Integrate approaches to avert, minimize, and address displacement related to the adverse impacts of climate change into relevant national processes, including the process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans.
- the Republic of Congo and Mozambique are in the process of drafting a legislation in line with the Kampala Convention, while DRC and the Republic of Congo are preparing for the registration of their IDP populations
- Faced with the problems of internally displaced persons (IDPs), the DRC intends to submit in 2021 the instruments of ratification of the Kampala Convention, which it signed in July 2014.
- In South Africa, the Pan African Parliament (PAP) will provide every year training on statelessness, refugees and IDPs to members of the parliament;