With the right policy, legislation and practices in place, Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) countries can achieve fair and effective migration governance fostering a positive impact of international migration in the economic growth and development of countries of origin, transit and destination. ILO’s work on Labour Migration provides to its tripartite constituents and partners with an integrated approach where migration is considered as an enabling development factor.
All Member States of the SADC region are involved on labour migration flows as countries of origin, transit, or destination and often they play the three roles at the same time. According to UN DESA, Botswana, South Africa, and Tanzania are the most important countries of destination. It is also interesting to note that Seychelles and Mauritius have a significant high proportion of migrant workers compared to their local population, with a substantial number of them coming from Madagascar and other SADC neighbouring countries, but others from outside the SADC region, notably South Asia. UN DESA data also indicates that there has been a significant increase in the migration of women attaining a level of 47% in the SADC region. Member Sates such as Comoros, DRC, Malawi, Mozambique, and Tanzania reckon more women than men migrant workers.
Its overall objective is to improve migration management in the Southern Africa and Indian Ocean region guided by, and contributing to, the realisation of the 2030 Development Agenda (goals 8 and 10).
Regional Economic Communities (RECs)
Regional Economic Communities (RECs) are key stakeholders in SAMM’s implementation. One of SAMM’s key project priorities is to support the formulation and realisation of International Labour Migration and Mixed Migration Frameworks of:
- the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA),
- the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and;
- the Indian Ocean Commission (IOC).
January 2020 to December 2023 (4 years).
Angola, Botswana, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Eswatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Migrant workers, refugees, internally displaced persons, victims of trafficking, and smuggled migrants.